A Beginner’s Guide to the Post-Closing Trial Balance

example of post closing trial balance

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Since temporary accounts are already closed at this point, the post-closing trial balance will not include income, expense, and withdrawal accounts. It will only include balance sheet accounts, a.k.a. real or permanent accounts. A post-closing trial balance is, as the term suggests, prepared after closing entries are recorded and posted. It is the third (and last) trial balance prepared in the accounting cycle. The post-closing trial balance also ensures that all ledger accounts represent accurate balances. It means the total of all credit and debit ledger accounts should always be equal.

How Does Adjusted Trial Balance Work?

The unadjusted trial balance in this section includes accounts before they have been adjusted. As you see in step 6 of the accounting cycle, we create another trial balance that is adjusted (see The Adjustment Process). In the first and second closing entries, the balances of Service Revenue and the various expense accounts were actually transferred to Income Summary, which is a temporary account. The Income Summary account would have a credit balance of 1,060 (9,850 credit in the first entry and 8,790 debit in the second). Nominal accounts are those that are found in the income statement, and withdrawals. Adjusted and post-closing trial balances are two stages of preparing a trial balance statement after the initial unadjusted entries.

example of post closing trial balance

Each month, you prepare a trial balance showing your company’s position. After preparing your trial balance this month, you discover that it does not balance. The debit column shows $2,000 more dollars than the credit column. Because you made closing entries for revenue and expenses, those accounts do not appear on the post-closing trial balance.

Overview: What is a post-closing trial balance?

The unadjusted trial balance is your first look at your debit and credit balances. If not, you’ll have to do some research to locate and correct any errors. Unadjusted trial balance, adjusted trial balance, and post-closing trial balance are all part of the full accounting cycle. Run the trial balance reports to confirm that every transaction has been accurately and fully recorded. Once they are, you are prepared for the start of the new accounting period. The post-closing trial balance sheet does not include information about revenues, losses, or a summary account balance.

  • All balance sheet accounts with non-zero balances at the end of a reporting period are listed in a post-closing trial balance.
  • The last step in the accounting cycle (not counting reversing entries) is to prepare a post-closing trial balance.
  • Adjusted trial balance – This is prepared after adjusting entries are made and posted.
  • One way to find the error is to take the difference between the two totals and divide the difference by two.
  • If the final balance in the ledger account (T-account) is a debit balance, you will record the total in the left column of the trial balance.

The debit and credit columns both total $34,000, which means they are equal and in balance. However, just because the column totals are equal and in balance, we are still not guaranteed that a mistake is not present. The debit and credit columns of a trial balance are calculated at the bottom, just like the unadjusted and adjusted trial balances.

FAQs about post-closing trial balance

And just like any other trial balance, total debits and total credits should be equal. If a trial balance is in balance, does this mean that all of the numbers are correct? It is important to go through each step very carefully and recheck your work often to avoid mistakes early on in the process. Income Summary is then closed to the capital account as shown in the third closing entry. One of the most well-known financial schemes is that involving the companies Enron Corporation and Arthur Andersen.

These next steps in the accounting cycle are covered in The Adjustment Process. You’ll include a header when creating the post-closing trial balance that includes the company name, the name you’re giving the balance sheet, and the end of the accounting period. Columns for the account title, debit totals, and credit amounts are listed below, and the total for the debit and credit columns is listed at the bottom. At the bottom of the post-closing trial balance, in order of assets, liabilities, and equity, will be the total of all the debits and credits.

What is Post-Closing Trial Balance?

The post-closing trial balance will include assets, liabilities, and equity accounts that are permanent and have a non-zero balance at the closing date of an accounting period. Adjusted trial balance does not represent a formal format of a financial statement. For example, an unadjusted trial balance is always run before recording any month-end adjustments. Once the adjustments have been posted, you would then run an adjusted trial balance. A post-closing trial balance is a report that is run to verify that all temporary accounts have been closed and their beginning balance reset to zero. And finally, in the fourth entry the drawing account is closed to the capital account.

Post-closing trial balance – This is prepared after closing entries are made. Its purpose is to test the equality between debits and credits after closing entries are prepared and posted. The post-closing trial balance contains real accounts only since all nominal accounts have already been closed at this stage.