# Accounts Receivables Turnover Formula + Ratio Calculator

Here is a receivables turnover calculator, which computes how quickly a company turns over its receivables, or sales extended on credit to customers. Enter the company’s net credit sales (or, optionally, top line sales) and two period’s accounts receivable to compute the ratio. The accounts receivables turnover metric is most practical when compared to a company’s nearest competitors in order to determine if the company is on par with the industry average or not.

In this example, a company can better understand whether the processing of its credit sales are in line with competitors or whether they are lagging behind its competition. The accounts receivable turnover ratio is a simple metric that is used to measure how effective a business is at collecting debt and extending credit. The accounts receivable turnover ratio measures the number of times a company’s accounts receivable balance is collected in a given period. A high ratio means a company is doing better job at converting credit sales to cash.

## Accounts Receivable Turnover

Therefore, the average customer takes approximately 51 days to pay their debt to the store. A company’s accounts receivable turnover ratio is most often used to quantify how well it can manage extended credit. It’s indicative of how tight your AR practices are, what needs work, and where lies room for improvement. The accounts receivable turnover ratio is generally calculated at the end of the year, but can also apply to monthly and quarterly equations and predictions.

• The accounts receivables turnover metric is most practical when compared to a company’s nearest competitors in order to determine if the company is on par with the industry average or not.
• It can sometimes be seen in earnings management, where managers offer a very long credit policy to generate additional sales.
• The higher the ratio, the more efficient the business is in dealing with its receivables.

On the other hand, a low accounts receivable turnover ratio suggests that the company’s collection process is poor. This can be due to the company extending credit terms to non-creditworthy customers who are experiencing financial difficulties. Accounts receivable are monies owed to your business for goods or services delivered to a customer, but not yet received. Successful companies collect money that is owed to them in a timely and efficient manner. Having too much money tied up in receivables means you are not getting the cash to pay for the goods or services you have provided.

## Understanding Receivables Turnover Ratios

The ‘Receivables Turnover Ratio’ measures a businesses effectiveness in extending credit and collecting the debt. The higher the ratio, the more efficient the business is in dealing with its receivables. The accounts receivable to sales ratio looks at the amount you have tied up in receivables in comparison to your same period sales. The Average Collection Period shows how long, on average, it takes for you to collect your debts. Receivable Turnover Ratio is one of the accounting activity ratios, which measures the number of times, on average, receivables (e.g. Accounts Receivable) are collected during the period. It is calculated by dividing net credit sales (net sales less cash sales) by the average net accounts receivables during the year.

The Accounts Receivable Turnover ratio is very similar in its structure to the inventory turnover ratio, except we interpose accounts receivable in the place of inventory. It should also be noted, any business model that is cyclical or subscription-based may also have a slightly skewed ratio. That’s because the start and endpoint of the accounts receivable average can change quickly, affecting the ultimate receivable balance. It’s useful to periodically compare your AR turnover ratio to competition in the same industry.

## Video Explanation of Different Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratios

It can also indicate that the company’s customers are of high quality and/or it runs on a cash basis. An efficient company has a higher accounts receivable turnover ratio while an inefficient company has a lower ratio. This metric is commonly used to compare companies within the same industry to gauge whether they are on par with their competitors.

Once again, the results can be skewed if there are glaring differences between the companies being compared. Accounts receivable are effectively interest-free loans that are short-term in nature and are extended by companies to their customers. If a company generates a sale to a client, it could extend terms of 30 or 60 days, meaning the client has 30 to 60 days to pay for the product. Here are some examples in which an average collection period can affect a business in a positive or negative way. Accounts receivables appear under the current assets section of a company’s balance sheet. This bodes very well for the cash flow and personal goals in the small doctor’s office.

## Low Ratios

You need to provide the two inputs of Net Credit Sales and Average Accounts Receivables. Even though the customers generally pay on time, the accounts receivable turnover ratio is low because of how late the business invoices. The total sales have little effect on this issue and the AR ratio is at a low 3.2 due to sporadic invoices and due dates. This means, the AR is only turning into bankable cash 3 times a year, or invoices are getting paid on average every four months.

## Accounts Receivables Turnover Formula

Therefore, the accounts receivable turnover ratio is not always a good indicator of how well a store is managed. If a company has a huge requirement for working capital and liquidity, then it will have higher turnover ratios as a comparison to companies with low working capital requirements. Accounts receivable are the money owed by the customers to the firm; these remaining amounts are paid without any interest. As per the principle of the time value of money, the firm loses more money if the turnover is low, i.e., a Longer tenor to collect its credit sales. Therefore, Trinity Bikes Shop collected its average accounts receivable approximately 7.2 times over the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. This can sometimes happen in earnings management, where sales teams are extending longer periods of credit to make a sale.