Cash Flow-to-Debt Ratio: Definition, Formula, and Example

cash debt coverage ratio

A high cash flow to debt ratio indicates that the business is in a strong financial position and is able to accelerate its debt repayments if necessary. Conversely, a low ratio means the business may be at a greater risk of not making its interest payments, and is on a comparably weaker financial footing. There is no standard or acceptable amount of operating cash flow since it can vary by business; however, its value should exceed the average current liabilities balance. On the other hand, the cash debt coverage ratio compares the company’s operational cash to its total debt.

This ratio measures the company’s ability to pay off its short-term debt using its cash flow, which includes investments in inventory and other highly leveraged dollar amounts. The two components of the formula are net cash provided by operating activities and average current liabilities. The net cash provided by operating activities is the net cash generated from its operations during a particular period. The average current liabilities are equal to opening liabilities plus closing liabilities divided by two. The cash flow to debt ratio is a coverage ratio that compares the cash flow that a business generates to its total debt.

Q: Why is CDCR important for investors and lenders?

This approach allows investors to identify both the factors clearly, the firm’s ability to pay dividends on time, and forecast the firm’s future liquidity position as well. A cash debt coverage ratio of 1 or higher implies that the business is liquid enough to clear its debts on time. Applying formulas to specific line items of the financial statements enables calculations of the quantitative measures, also referred to as ratios. One of the most critical aspects of financial management is understanding your company’s cash flow to debt ratio.

cash debt coverage ratio

These ratios (including profitability ratios, liquidity ratios, solvency ratios, and activity ratios) act as a metric to assess the entity’s financial performance. Whatever your aspirations, you can make them a reality by managing your cash flow and making smart financial decisions. Using a range of ratios provides a more comprehensive understanding of a company’s financial health, and it is crucial to consider all factors before making any investment decisions. A low ratio might seem unattractive to investors, but it could be an indicator that the company is becoming more able to pay off its debts based on its operations. A ratio that is significantly lower than the industry average could suggest that the company is facing financial difficulties or operating in a highly competitive market. When you can demonstrate that your business has a strong ability to pay off its debts, you’re more likely to attract potential investors.

Cash Debt Coverage Ratio (Updated

Operating cash flow is calculated as earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), plus depreciation, minus taxes. The EBIT itself amounts to the net annual income, plus interest expenses, plus income tax expenses. This ratio may provide a more favorable picture of a company’s financial health if it has taken on significant short-term debt. In examining either of these ratios, it is important to remember that they vary widely across industries. A proper analysis should compare these ratios with those of other companies in the same industry. The current cash debt coverage ratio should be used when analyzing a company’s ability to repay its current liabilities in the short-term (usually, within 12 months).

  • A business usually shuts down due to a liquidity crisis rather than low or no generation of profits.
  • However, this is not recommended, since EBITDA takes into account new inventory purchases that may take a long time to be sold and generate cash flow.
  • You can easily find these numbers on a company’s balance sheet and cash flow statement.
  • It indicates the ability of the business to pay its current liabilities from its operations.
  • To get a clear picture of a company’s financial health, it is imperative to use a variety of ratios and not rely solely on one figure.
  • Knowing your cash debt coverage ratio can also make it easier to secure funding from lenders or investors.

He received a CALI Award for The Actual Impact of MasterCard’s Initial Public Offering in 2008. McBride is an attorney with a Juris Doctor from Case Western Reserve University and a Master of Science in accounting from the University of Connecticut. Dive in for free with a 10-day trial of the O’Reilly learning platform—then explore all the other resources our members count on to build skills and solve problems every day. Our mission is to empower readers with the most factual and reliable financial information possible to help them make informed decisions for their individual needs.

Current Cash Debt Coverage Ratio FAQs

CDCR is an essential financial metric for investors and lenders because it provides insight into a company’s liquidity and financial health. A high CDCR indicates that a company has sufficient cash flow to meet its debt obligations, which is a positive sign for lenders and investors. Free cash flow is another critical measure of a company’s cash flow, which is calculated by subtracting capital expenditures from cash from operations. In general, a cash debt coverage ratio of over 1.5 is considered a good coverage ratio result. This financial ratio analysis indicates that GLK Company could pay off the dollar amount of its debt from the cash flow of its own operations. Next, add up current and long-term liabilities (shown on the firm’s balance sheet) to figure the total debt.

This would tell us how many years it would take the business to pay off all of its debt if it were to devote all cash flow generated from operations to repaying debt. A high ratio indicates that a company is better able to pay back its debt, and is thus able to take on more debt if necessary. The above example indicates that company ABC is liquid enough to cover its current debts conveniently with the annual cash generation from operating activities. The current cash debt coverage ratio also represents a quantitative value that gauges the liquidity of a company.