# Dollar-Value LIFO Method Calculation

The dollar-value LIFO method allows companies to avoid calculating individual price layers for each item of inventory. Instead, they can calculate layers for each pool of inventory. However, at a certain point, this is no longer cost-effective, so it’s vital to ensure that pools are not being created unnecessarily. Dollar-value LIFO places all goods into pools, measured in terms of total dollar value, and all decreases or increases to those pools are measured in terms of the total dollar value of the pool.

By the end of the year company had 1000 units of Item 1 and 5000 units of Item 2. It has two major benefits over traditional unit LIFO method.

## Dollar Value LIFO

Instead of tracking individual items, Dollar-Value LIFO tracks the total value of the inventory. In 2022, the price of the items increases to \$12 each due to inflation, and you purchase 50 additional units. The end-of-year inventory count shows you have 130 units on hand.

• Dollar-value LIFO is a modification of traditional LIFO method in which ending inventory is measured on the basis of monetary value of units instead of quantity of units held.
• Always consult with an accounting professional or financial advisor when dealing with inventory valuation.
• However, it can be more complex to implement than other inventory valuation methods.
• To solve delayering problem, we use traditional LIFO’s modified approach called Dollar-Value LIFO.

If inflation and other economic factors (such as supply and demand) were not an issue, dollar-value and non-dollar-value accounting methods would have the same results. However, since costs do change over time, the dollar-value LIFO presents the data in a manner that shows an increased cost of goods sold (COGS) when prices are rising, and a resulting lower net income. When prices are decreasing, dollar-value LIFO will show a decreased COGS and a higher net income. Dollar value LIFO can help reduce a company’s taxes (assuming prices are rising), but can also show a lower net income on shareholder reports. This approach is not commonly used to derive inventory valuations, for several reasons.

## AccountingTools

This however, was solved with a workaround called LIFO reserve or LIFO Allowance. Another major issue with LIFO is delayering or better known as LIFO liquidation or erosion. To solve delayering problem, we use traditional LIFO’s modified approach called Dollar-Value LIFO. These materials were downloaded from PwC’s Viewpoint (viewpoint.pwc.com) under license. PwC refers to the US member firm or one of its subsidiaries or affiliates, and may sometimes refer to the PwC network.

This method helps in matching current costs with current revenues in the income statement. However, it can be more complex to implement than other inventory valuation methods. Suppose entity had a beginning inventory with total value of 100,000. By the end of the year total value of inventory held was 120,000.

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Assume further that prices has risen by 20% during the year. The companies that maintain a large number of products and expect significant changes in their product mix in future frequently use dollar-value LIFO technique. The use of traditional LIFO approaches is common among companies that have a few items and expect very little to no change in their product mix. Under this method, it is possible to use a single pool but a company can use any number of pools according to its requirement. The unnecessary employment of a large number of dollar-value LIFO pools  may, however, increase cost and also reduce the effectiveness of dollar-value LIFO approach.

One thing worth mentioning again is that dollar-value LIFO pools the inventory up. In simple words we will have one total figure of all the different types of inventory we like to have in one pool. Dollar-value LIFO is a modification of traditional LIFO method in which ending inventory is measured on the basis of monetary value of units instead of quantity of units held. The base year is 2021, and you have 100 units in inventory that you purchased for \$10 each, so your total base-year inventory cost is \$1,000. While learning LIFO and discussing its pros and cons, one issue was of LIFO’s incompatibility if entity is using FIFO for internal reporting purposes.

## Understanding the Dollar-Value LIFO Method

This method assumes that the last goods added to inventory are the first ones to be sold. Point to note here is that no new layer is added when inventory decreased. New layer is added ONLY if ending inventory at base-year prices is more than respective year’s beginning inventory at base-year prices. Once the actual increase is computed, it is then adjusted for current year prices and then we can know the total value of ending inventory under dollar-value LIFO.

Dollar-value LIFO uses this approach with all figures in dollar amounts, rather than in inventory units. It provides a different view of the balance sheet than other accounting methods such as first-in-first-out (FIFO). In an inflationary environment, it can more closely track the dollar value effect of cost of goods sold (COGS) and the resulting effect on net income than counting the inventory items in terms of units. Like specific goods pooled LIFO approach, Dollar-value LIFO method is also used to alleviate the problems of LIFO liquidation. Under this method, goods are combined into pools and all increases and decreases in a pool are measured in terms of total dollar value.