What Is Average Payment Period and How to Calculate It?

average payable period formula

It is crucial for you to be aware of the average payable period in order for you to be prepared to take necessary action when the time comes to pay creditors. Evidently, analysts and investors find this ratio useful – the goal is to determine whether the firm is financially capable of making the payments. It isn’t of utmost importance if it accomplishes this at the fastest rate possible. However, if they pay their vendors just 4 days sooner, then they would be eligible for a 10% discount on their parts and materials.

If a supplier is giving let’s say a discount of 10% for the company to pay them in 30 days then the company should evaluate if it has enough cash flow to meet the obligation in 30 days. In this instance Company, XY will take 33.7 days to pay its vendors which means it is not subject to late penalties on its purchases. Paying vendors earlier means the company can take advantage of discounts on various products from the suppliers. Once you get the statements you look at the years beginning and ending account payable balances. Last year’s beginning accounts payable balance was $110,000 and the ending accounts payable balance was $95,000.

Is Average Payment Period and Average Collection Period same?

Advisory services provided by Carbon Collective Investment LLC (“Carbon Collective”), an SEC-registered investment adviser. StockMaster is here to help you understand investing and personal finance, so you can learn how to invest, start a business, and make money online. If the payment terms are set at 30 days, then 38 days is probably too long to settle payment and may potentially be causing some consternation to your suppliers. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.

average payable period formula

Thus, it would make more than 10% on its money reinvesting in new inventory sooner. Carbon Collective is the first online investment advisor 100% focused on solving climate change. We believe that sustainable investing is not just an important climate solution, but a smart way to invest.


The average payment period calculation can reveal insight about a company’s cash flow and creditworthiness, exposing potential concerns. Or, is the company using its cash flows effectively, taking advantage of any credit discounts? Therefore, investors, analysts, creditors and the business management team should all find this information useful. Since APP is a solvency ratio it helps the business to assess its ability to carry business in the long-term by measuring the ability of the company to meet its obligations. Also since it helps the business know when to pay vendors it can help the company in making cash flow decisions. Something that is very important to consider when beginning to calculate the average payment period for a company is the number of days within a period.

average payable period formula

Credit arrangements are facilitated from the supplier’s end whenever a company makes a bulk purchase. Thus, it helps calculate the average number of days the company takes to repay the supplier against their dues. However, if the payment period is longer then it means that a company is compromising on some important savings by taking longer to settle.

How to Calculate the Average Payment Period

In short, payment period is a sensor for how efficiently a company utilizes credit options available to cover short-term needs. As long as it is in line with the average payment period for similar companies, this measurement should not be expected to change much over time. Any changes to this number should be evaluated further to see what effects it has on cash flows. The average payment period formula is calculated by dividing the period’s average accounts payable by the derivation of the credit purchases and days in the period. Before calculating the average payment period, you need to calculate the average accounts payable of the company.

  • This is an in-depth guide on how to calculate Average Payment Period with detailed interpretation, analysis, and example.
  • A high average payment period may be bad for a company that is likely to lose customers if they are slow with paying their bills.
  • Something that is very important to consider when beginning to calculate the average payment period for a company is the number of days within a period.
  • You do need to take some care when analyzing the firm’s average payable period as the balance needs to be right.
  • The reason that the company wants you to calculate the average payment period is that they want to be as lean as possible in its operations.

For instance, in the case of a 10/30 credit term, as a buyer, you might benefit from a 10 percent discount, granted that the balance is paid within 30 days. In general, the standard credit term is 0/90 – which facilitates payment in 90 days, yet no discounts whatsoever. When beginning to calculate APP for businesses it is important to consider the number of days within the period. For instance, when considering a quarterly report the number of days will vary even if you are considering annual financial statements.

Average Payment Period Formula

To analysts and investors, making timely payments is important but not necessarily at the fastest rate possible. If a company’s average period is much less than competitors, it could signal opportunities for reinvestment of capital are being lost. Or, if the company extended payments over a longer period of time, it may be possible to generate higher cash flows. APP is important in determining the efficiency of utilizing credit in the near term. Similarly, it helps evaluate the ability of the company to pay creditors in the long term. If the average payment period of a company is low which means that it settles credit payment s faster and on time it is likely to attract good payment terms from the existing and new vendors.

Average Payment Period (APP)

However, you have to try and strike a balance as taking as long as possible to pay creditors can result in the company having more money which is good for working capital and available cash flows. The Average Payment Period represents the approximate number of days it takes a company to fulfill its unmet payment obligations to its suppliers or vendors. In short, the average payment period is an indicator of how efficiently the company utilizes its credit benefits to cover its short-term need for supplies. The average pay period is calculated by average credit accounts payable and payment days. Let’s say that you want to calculate the average payment period for a company that manufactures various styles of Bluetooth headphones, called Blue Ears, Inc.

Sustainable Investing Topics

For instance, if you are viewing the annual financial statements but need to be doing a quarterly report, the numbers may be different from one to the next. In our above example, what if you had been doing a quarterly report but used the same numbers from the annual report. If you plugged in 90 days for the days within the period, it would look like Blue ears pays its vendors within 9 days of invoicing instead of the actual 34 days. This can cause wrong decisions to be made which might have catastrophic consequences for the company in the short term. The reason that the company wants you to calculate the average payment period is that they want to be as lean as possible in its operations. These discounts are offered when bills are paid within 30 days since the payment terms are 10/30 net 90.