# Future value of an ordinary annuity table

You cross reference the rows and columns to find your annuity’s present value. Remember that all annuity tables contain the same PVIFA factor for a given number of periods at a given rate, just like all times tables contain the same product for any two given numbers. Any variations you find among present value tables for ordinary annuities are due to rounding. An annuity is a series of payments made over a period of time, often for the same amount each period.

• Ordinary annuities are more common, but an annuity due will result in a higher future value, all else being equal.
• You can find the exact present value of your remaining payments by using Excel.
• Annuity due payments typically apply to expenses such as rent or car leases where payments are made on the first of the month.
• The future value of an annuity is the value of a group of recurring payments at a certain date in the future, assuming a particular rate of return, or discount rate.

Conversely, if I hand you \$1,000 in cash at the end of the year, you will have \$1,000. So, essentially, the \$1,000 I give you 365 days from now is worth only \$990 to you because you’ve missed the opportunity to invest it and earn the 1 percent compound interest. An annuity table, or present value table, is simply a tool to help you calculate the present value of your annuity. First, you need to know whether you receive your payments at the end of the period — as is the case with an ordinary annuity — or at the beginning of the period. When payments are distributed at the beginning of a period, the annuity is referred to as an annuity due. Annuity due payments typically apply to expenses such as rent or car leases where payments are made on the first of the month.

## Future Value of an Annuity Example

For example, if the future value of \$1,000 is \$1,100, the future value factor must have been 1.1. A future value factor of 1.0 means the value of the series will be equal to the value today. Because of the time value of money, money received or paid out today is worth more than the same amount of money will be in the future. By the same logic, a lump sum of \$5,000 today is worth more than a series of five \$1,000 annuity payments spread out over five years. A present value annuity table allows you to estimate the present value of an annuity quickly.

Julia Kagan is a financial/consumer journalist and former senior editor, personal finance, of Investopedia. Find out how an annuity can offer you guaranteed monthly income throughout your retirement. Speak with one of our qualified financial professionals today to discover which of our industry-leading annuity products fits into your long-term financial strategy. Get personal finance tips, expert advice and trending money topics in our free weekly newsletter.

## Future Value of \$1 Annuity Table Creator

You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines. Annuity.org partners with outside experts to ensure we are providing accurate financial content. Roger Wohlner is an experienced financial writer, ghostwriter, and advisor with 20 years of experience in the industry. Where i is the interest rate per period and n is the total number of periods with compounding occurring once per period. The company can help you find the right insurance agent for your unique financial objectives.

The two concepts are directly related, as the future value of a series of cash flows also has a present value. For example, a present value of \$1,000 today may be equal to the future value of \$1,200 today. Though it may not seem like much of a distinction, there may be considerable differences between the two when considering what interest is accrued. Ordinary annuities are more common, but an annuity due will result in a higher future value, all else being equal.

Investors can determine the future value of their annuity by considering the annuity amount, projected rate of return, and number of periods. There are also implications whether the annuity payments are made at the beginning of the period or at the end. The future value of an annuity is the value of a group of recurring payments at a certain date in the future, assuming a particular rate of return, or discount rate. As long as all of the variables surrounding the annuity are known such as payment amount, projected rate, and number of periods, it is possible to calculate the future value of the annuity.

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Present value tables aren’t as precise as manual calculations or financial software programs because the tables contain a limited set of interest rates and payments. If you take a look at a variety of ordinary annuity tables, you’ll see the factors are all within a decimal place, depending on whether they are rounded. Additionally, you can use them only with fixed payment amounts and interest rates. Annuity tables are visual tools that use a formula to apply a discount rate to future payments. They lay the calculations for predetermined numbers of periodic payments against various annuity rates in a table format.

Just as you regularly review your credit card statements, bank balances and investments, you’ll want to know the value of your annuity at any given point in time. As any expert in financial literacy will attest, your balance sheet is the foundation for everything from your budget to your retirement savings. Our expert reviewers hold advanced degrees and certifications and have years of experience with personal finances, retirement planning and investments.

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For example, using Excel, you can find the present value of an annuity with values that fall outside the range of those included in an annuity table. There are many reasons you might want to know the present value of your annuity. Chief among them is the ability to tailor your financial plan to your current financial status. The present value of your annuity is a component of your net worth, and you need this information to ensure a comprehensive picture of your finances. Most often, investors and analysts will know one value and try to solve for the other.

So, if you have \$1,000 right now, and you put it in a high-yield savings account with a 1 percent annual percentage yield (APY), at the end of a year, you will have \$1,010. The formula for finding the present value of an ordinary annuity is often presented one of two ways, where “r” represents the interest rate and “n” represents the number of periods. You might want to calculate the future value of an annuity, to see how much a series of investments will be worth as of a future date. This is done by using an interest rate to add interest income to the amount of the annuity. The interest rate can be based on the current amount being obtained through other investments, the corporate cost of capital, or some other measure. Depending upon the numbers you’re working with and how accurate you want to be, an annuity table is a simple and convenient way to calculate the present value of an ordinary annuity.

Based on the time value of money, the present value of your annuity is not equal to the accumulated value of the contract. This is because the payments you are scheduled to receive at a future date are actually worth less than the same amount in your bank account today. Because most fixed annuity contracts distribute payments at the end of the period, we’ve used ordinary annuity present value calculations for our examples. An annuity table is a tool that simplifies the calculation of the present value of an annuity.

For instance, if you buy a stock today for \$100 that awards a 2% dividend each year, you can calculate the future value. Alternatively, if you want to have \$10,000 of future value on hand for a down payment for a car next year, you can solve for the present value. These reviewers are industry leaders and professional writers who regularly contribute to reputable publications such as the Wall Street Journal and The New York Times. Present value and future value simply indicate the value of an investment looking forward or looking back.

Present value refers to the current value of future payments from an annuity with a specified rate of return. In the PVOA formula, the present value interest factor of an annuity is the part of the equation that is written as and multiplied by the payment amount. Therefore, if you consult an annuity table, you can easily find the PVIFA by identifying the intersection of the number of payments (n) on the vertical axis and the interest rate (r) on the horizontal axis. Although annuity tables are not as precise as annuity calculators or spreadsheets, the benefit of using an annuity table is the ease of calculating the present value of your annuity.

Calculating the present value of an annuity can help you determine whether a lump sum payment or future annuity payments spread out over years will be more beneficial to your financial needs or goals. The terms of your contract state that you will hold the annuity for 7 years at a guaranteed effective interest rate of 3.25 percent. You’ve owned the annuity for five years and now have two annual payments left. You can find the exact present value of your remaining payments by using Excel. The time value of money states that a dollar today is worth more than it will be at any point in the future. It makes sense when you consider that every dollar has earning potential because it can be invested with the expectation of a return.

All else being equal, the future value of an annuity due will be greater than the future value of an ordinary annuity because it has had an extra period to accumulate compounded interest. In this example, the future value of the annuity due is \$58,666 more than that of the ordinary annuity. To find the future value of annuity due find the appropriate period and rate in the tables below. This example is an easy calculation because we’re dealing with simple round numbers and only one payment period. But when you’re calculating multiple payments over time, it can get a bit more complicated.