Profitability Index Calculator

The higher the PI ratio, the more attractive the proposed project is and the more likely it will be pursued. Another variation of the PI formula adds the initial investment to the net present value (NPV), which is then divided by the initial investment. The PI ratio will result in a number that is 1, less than 1 or bigger than 1. Generally the PI ratio of 1 is least acceptable as it represents the break even point of a project, which defines the point where total sales (revenue) equal to the total cost. A PI ratio of less than 1 is completely undesirable as it represents that a project will cost more than it is expected to earn. The purpose of this measure of PI is to help investors and managers determine whether or not a given project has the potential to be profitable.

There are some factors that affect this ratio such as absence skunk cost, difficulty in assessing the appropriate rate of return and the projects may be projected unrealistically positive. However, the profitability index ratio can be very helpful in assessing the profitability of the projects when used along with other measures of profitability assessment. The profitability index ratio measures the monetary benefits (i.e. cash inflows) received for each dollar invested (i.e. cash outflow), with the cash flows discounted back to the present date.

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The PI ratio uses discounting, the cash flows are discounted by an appropriate rate of return. Profitability index is a modification of the net present value method of assessing an investment’s potential profitability. PI ratio compares the present value of future cash flows from an investment against the cost of making that investment. More specifically, the PI ratio compares the present value (PV) of future cash flows received from a project to the initial cash outflow (investment) to fund the project.

If there are multiple projects, the project with the highest profitability index should be chosen. This is called a benefit-cost ratio when limited capital and projects are mutually exclusive. The basis of comparing projects with only the Net Present Value does not take into account what is the initial investment.

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The Profitability Index (PI) or profit investment ratio (PIR) is a widely used measure for evaluating viability and profitability of an investment project. It is calculated by dividing the present value of future cash flows by the initial amount invested. If the profitability index is greater than or equal to 1, it is termed a good and acceptable investment. It is a ratio that compares the present value (PV) of future cash flows to the initial investment. The Profitability Index is a measure firms use to determine the relationship between the costs and benefits of doing a proposed project.

• By contrast, comparisons of NPV between projects are not always functional (i.e. non-standardized metric).
• The PI ratio will result in a number that is 1, less than 1 or bigger than 1.
• The cash flow for each year (in the second entry box) should be separated by a comma.
• Profitability index calculator to calculate the profitability of an investment or project profitability index.

The profitability index (PI), also known as profit investment ratio (PIR) is a method to describe the relationship between cost and benefits of a project. The cash flow for each year (in the second entry box) should be separated by a comma. Free online Profitability Index Calculator – this helps you determine the profitability index of your investment projects.

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Firms use the Profitability Index to determine the relationship between costs and benefits for a proposed project. If a company has limited capital and faces multiple mutually exclusive projects, it must choose the project with the highest profitability index. This is because projects with a profitability index greater than one generate value for the company. In contrast, those with a profitability index of less than one indicate that the project destroys value for the company. The profitability index is a financial metric used to measure the potential profitability of an investment or project. Essentially, it is a ratio that compares the present value(PV) of future cash flows to the initial investment.

The cost of funding the project is \$10 million, and the amount of cash flows generated in Year 1 is \$2 million, which will grow by a growth rate of 25% each year. Following is the profitability index formula to calculate the profitability index of a business. In corporate finance, the primary use case for the PI ratio is for ranking projects and capital investments. Profitability index calculator to calculate the profitability of an investment or project profitability index. The Profitability Index Formula is given below on how to calculate profitability index. Running a profitable business demands a lot of investments and assessing them for profitability is essential.

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Profitability Index compares the Net Present Value reached with the initial investment and shows the most accurate representation of the usage of company assets. Firms use the profitability index to determine the relationship between costs and benefits for a proposed project. They utilize this measure to rank projects based on the value created per investment unit. Therefore, the formula divides the present value (PV) of the project’s future cash flows by the initial investment.

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Ascertain whether an investment is viable with computed input of ROI to allow an informed decision on investment management. Users shall be solely responsible when using the information/calculators provided on this website.

Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts. In the subsequent step, we can now calculate the project’s PI given the NPV from the prior step. By contrast, comparisons of NPV between projects are not always functional (i.e. non-standardized metric). The major distinction between the two is that the profitability index depicts a “relative” measure of value whereas the net present value (NPV) represents an “absolute” measure of value. The Profitability Index (PI) is the ratio between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows.