Sales Journal Entry

The seller uses it to record a sales transaction in his sales journal and the buyer uses it to record a purchase transaction in his purchases journal. Creating journal entries for each of your sales is an essential bookkeeping skill. You’ll need to use multiple accounts to show that you received money, your revenue increased, and your inventory value decreased because of the sale. Like in a cash sales journal entry, you likely also will deal with sales tax. The following example illustrates how transactions are recorded in sales journal and how entries from there are posted to subsidiary and general ledger. You’ll record a total revenue credit of $50 to represent the full price of the shirt.

entries in a sales journal

Assets and expenses are increased by debits and decreased by credits. Liabilities, equity, and revenue are increased by credits and decreased by debits. This can be a bit confusing if you’re not an accountant, but you can use this handy cheat sheet to easily remember how the sale journal entry accounts are affected. These types of entries also show a record of an item leaving your inventory by moving your costs from the inventory account to the cost of goods sold account. After the customer pays, you can reverse the original entry by crediting your Accounts Receivable account and debiting your Cash account for the amount of the payment. As a result, you must increase your Accounts Receivable account instead of your Cash account.

Sales Journal Entry Example

When a seller sells merchandise on credit, he prepares an invoice known as sales invoice or outward invoice. This invoice is sent to the customer, usually along with the merchandise sold. Seller also prepares a duplicate copy of each invoice he sends out to his buyer.

Little Electrode, Inc. purchased this monitor from the manufacturer for $750 three months ago. Here’s how Little Electrode, Inc. would record this sales journal entry. If you have already read “purchases journal” article, you may have noticed that the sales invoice and purchase invoice are two different names given the same document. It is always prepared by the seller and is called sales invoice in the record of seller and purchase invoice in the record of buyer.

entries in a sales journal

There’s a 5% sales tax rate, meaning you receive $25 in sales tax ($500 X 0.05). The sales journal given above shows that the seller is collecting sales tax @ 2% on all goods sold to customers. The posting of this sales journal will be similar to the posting explained in the above example.

Here are a few different types of journal entries you may make for a sale or a return depending on how your customer paid. Some accounts are increased by debits and decreased by credits. When you credit the revenue account, it means that your total revenue has increased. Finally, if your state or local governments impose a sales tax, then your entry will show an increase in your sales tax liability.

Sales journal with a “sales tax payable” column

If your sales returns and allowances account is high compared to your revenue account, you may be offering too many discounts or have a product quality issue. Let’s look at an example where the customer paid cash and then changed their mind a few days later. They returned the item to you and received a full refund from you, including taxes. To create a journal entry in your general ledger or for a sale, take the following steps. That’s because the customer pays you the sales tax, but you don’t keep that amount.

When you sell a good to a customer, you’re getting rid of inventory. And, you’re increasing your Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) Expense account. Your COGS represents how much it costs you to produce the item. You’ll also need to increase your Revenue account to show that your business is bringing in the amount the customer owes.

If you have accounting software or a bookkeeper, you may not be making these entries yourself. But knowing how entries for sales transactions work helps you make sense of your general journal and understand how cash flows in and out of your business. So, instead of adding it to your revenue, you add it to a sales tax payable account until you remit it to the government.

entries in a sales journal

Instead, you collect sales tax at the time of purchase, and you make payments to the government quarterly or monthly, depending on your state and local rules. The customer charges a total of $252 on credit ($240 + $12). When you sell something to a customer who pays in cash, debit your Cash account and credit your Revenue account. A sales journal entry is the same as a revenue journal entry. So you give them a discount of 20% to make up for the inconvenience, making the final sale price $40. We’ll also assume a 10% sales tax and a $15 cost of goods sold.

Return of a Sale Entry

Let’s review what you need to know about making a sales journal entry. You also have to make a record of your inventory moving and the sales tax. If your customer purchased using a credit card, then you use accounts receivable instead of cash. Sales are credit journal entries, but they have to be balanced by debit entries to other accounts. Realistically, the transaction total won’t all be revenue for your business. As a refresher, debits and credits affect accounts in different ways.

  • When you credit the revenue account, it means that your total revenue has increased.
  • Sales are credit journal entries, but they have to be balanced by debit entries to other accounts.
  • If your sales returns and allowances account is high compared to your revenue account, you may be offering too many discounts or have a product quality issue.

In other words, goods are the commodities that are purchased and sold in a business on a daily basis. Goods are denoted as ‘Purchases A/c’ when goods are purchased and ‘Sales A/c’ when they are sold. When you offer credit to customers, they receive something without paying for it immediately.

Credit Sales Journal Entry

This duplicate copy is kept by the seller with him because the entry in sales journal is made on the basis of it. A sales journal entry is a journal entry in the sales journal to record a credit sale of inventory. All of the cash sales of inventory are recorded in the cash receipts journal and all non-inventory sales are recorded in the general journal.

When a piece of merchandise or inventory is sold on credit, two business transactions need to be record. First, the accounts receivable account must increase by the amount of the sale and the revenue account must increase by the same amount. This entry records the amount of money the customer owes the company as well as the revenue from the sale. A sales journal entry records a cash or credit sale to a customer. It does more than record the total money a business receives from the transaction. Sales journal entries should also reflect changes to accounts such as Cost of Goods Sold, Inventory, and Sales Tax Payable accounts.

To create the sales journal entry, debit your Accounts Receivable account for $240 and credit your Revenue account for $240. Now, let’s say your customer’s $100 purchase is subject to 5% sales tax. In context of this article, the term sales refers to the sale of only those goods or merchandise which the organization normally deals in. Any sale of used or outdated assets (like old plant, machinery, equipment and newspapers etc.) are not recorded in sales journal. These transactions are entered in general journal, also known as journal proper. For locations with sales taxes, you also need to record the sales tax that your customer paid so you know how much to pay the government later.

Posting entries from sales journal to subsidiary and general ledger

Your credit sales journal entry should debit your Accounts Receivable account, which is the amount the customer has charged to their credit. And, you will credit your Sales Tax Payable and Revenue accounts. Little Electrodes, Inc. is a retailer that sells electronics and computer parts. On January 1, Little Electrode, Inc. sells a computer monitor to a customer for $1,000.

How you record the transaction depends on whether your customer pays with cash or uses credit. Read on to learn how to make a cash sales journal entry and credit sales journal entry. To create a sales journal entry, you must debit and credit the appropriate accounts. Your end debit balance should equal your end credit balance.

For instance, cash is an asset account, while cost of goods sold is an expense account. Remember that your debit and credit columns must equal one another. But it’s still important to make sure that there’s an accounting record of every sale you make. This way, you can balance your books and report your income accurately.

When recording sales, you’ll make journal entries using cash, accounts receivable, revenue from sales, cost of goods sold, inventory, and sales tax payable accounts. A sales journal entry is a bookkeeping record of any sale made to a customer. You use accounting entries to show that your customer paid you money and your revenue increased. Sales journal (also known as sales book and sales day book) is a special journal used to record all credit sales. Every transaction that is entered in this journal essentially results in a debit to accounts receivable account and a credit to sales account. Cash sales are not recorded in sales journal rather they are recorded in another special journal known as cash receipts journal.